The Suzy Lamplugh Trust offers the following advice for when you are out and about on the streets:
Keep your mind on your surroundings – remember if you are wearing a personal stereo or chatting on your mobile, you will not hear trouble approaching – and the sooner you see or hear danger approaching, the easier it is to avoid it.
Avoid danger spots like quiet or badly lit alleyways, subways or isolated car parks. Walk down the middle of the pavement if the street is deserted.
If you do have to pass danger spots, think about what you would do if you felt threatened. The best idea is to head for a public place where you know there will be other people, for example a garage or shop.
Walk facing on coming traffic to avoid curb crawlers.
Always take the route you know best and think about the safe places on that route that you could head for if you felt threatened ie. pubs, hotels, garage, friend's house.
If you think you are being followed, trust your instincts and take action. As confidently as you can, cross the road turning and look to see who is behind you. If you are still being followed, keep moving. Make for a busy area and tell people what is happening.
Consider carrying a personal safety alarm, which can be used to shock and disorientate an attacker, giving you vital seconds to get away.